Instruments of the research

Two questionnaires have been developed, one for Employers (TSR-E) and one for teachers/trainers (TSR-T).

Both questionnaires have the same structure (same number of items, same order, the same way for quotation and the same dimensions measured). Only in some items, formulations were adapted to the specifics of the target evaluated.

Each questionnaire is divided into two sections (section I and section II). In the first section the respondents are asked to assess the best performing employee (the best performing student/trainee) on a scale from 1 to 5 (where 1 means Strongly disagree and 5 Strongly agree) on the specific characteristics of transversal skills. In the second section, respondents evaluated, in the same manner, the least performing employee (the least performing student/trainee).             Evaluation of the two sections is achieved using the same items, corresponding to the six measured transversal competences.

To ensure that subjects respond in a focused and assumed manner to this tool, we used (as a way to control the veracity of the instrument) a number of 12 reversed items: 2, 4, 7, 10, 12, 14, 17, 23, 27, 33, 37, 42.

The manner of quotation for the items: direct subjects' responses to the items were listed as follows: Strongly disagree 1 point, 2 points Disagree, Neutral 3-point Agreement and Agree 4 points 5 points; for the reverse items we used the counterbalance process, the score given for each response is direct opposite of items.

The score for each scale was calculated with the sum of the scores obtained in carrying out the respective items of the scale and was weighted by dividing it to the number of items of the scale. Therefore, the scores for each scale include a range from a minimum of 1 and a maximum of  5, where 1 means low level of competence and 5 shows a high level of competence concerned.